A medical laboratory or also known as a clinical laboratory is a laboratory where the tests for the clinical specimens will took place in order to get the information on the health of a patient. Clinical laboratories are not the same as the research laboratories because they focus on applied science mainly on the production like basis an not on the basic science on an academic basis.
Laboratory medicine usually have two departments on which each unit will be divided into a number of different units. You can read more about the two departments below.
Anatomic pathology – electron microscopy, histopathology, and cytopathology are the units included in this department. Academically, each of the units can be studied alone in a single course. There are other courses that are related in this department and they are pathology, physiology, pathophysiology, and histology.
Clinical pathology that includes the following:
Clinical microbiology – this surrounds five various sciences. Mycology, immunology, bacteriology, parasitology, and virology are the units included here!
Clinical chemistry: the units included in this section are enzymology, endocrinology, toxicology, and the instrumental analysis of blood components.
Hermatology – this units that are under this section are the manual and automated analysis of blood cells. The blood bank and the coagulation are the two subunits in this section.
The subspecialty which is the cytogenetics is also studied alongside genetics.
Reproductive biology – you can find the assisted reproductive technology, semen analysis, and sperm bank in this section.
The distribution of clinical laboratories to each health institutions will be different from place to place. An example for this is some facilities might not have a laboratory for microbiology but will have separate labs for each unit, while some health institutions will have one laboratory intended for microbiology.
Learn more about the detailed analysis of the role of each laboratory equipment for hermatology and urinalysis below.
You should know that any clinical specimen can be received by microbiology like the possible infected tissue, synovial fluids, cerebrospinal fluid, sputum, blood, urine, feces, and swabs. That main task here involves the main concern with cultures, looking for the possible pathogens that will be identified more based on biochemical tests if found. A pathogen will also undergo a sensitivity test in order to find out if it is resistant or sensitive to a given medicine. Results will be reported together with the determined organism or organisms, and the type and quantity of drugs that will be given to a patient.
Different class of medical laboratories
In a lot of countries, most of the medical specimens will be processed in two main medical laboratories. The patients will undergo tests in hospital laboratories that you can find in several hospitals. Private laboratories will analyze the samples from insurance companies, clinical research sites, health clinics, and general practitioners. Read more here about medical laboratories in different websites in the internet.